Seafarers and energy efficient ships: One step ahead!
(Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU))
The International Maritime Organization recently adopted the Ship Energy Efficiency measures, in order to reduce the CO2 emissions produced by the shipping industry and at the same time to improve the energy efficiency of the vessels’ operation. This study focuses on the energy efficient measures newly introduced requirements, and its aim is to examine how those measures affect the seafarers in respect to their operational/technical and chartering perspectives. Primary data collected from 20 professionals related to notable shipping companies which led to the conclusion that apart from the mandatory compliance of all the vessels with the SEEMP and all the new buildings with the EEDI, the stakeholders are willing to further improve the energy efficiency of their vessels but there are still barriers that have to be overcome. Nevertheless, technical and operational practices are already applied on some new ships such as the hull optimization and eco-friendly hull coating and the slow steaming and operational plan optimization respectively. Concerning the impact on ship owners and seafarers, it has been found that the impact on freight rates is not clear yet as the measures are still evolving. However, it is noteworthy that seafarers are concerned about the newly introduced rules and what the future carries for them in terms of daily compliance practices. This paper will attempt to present the energy efficient measures and look ahead towards the forthcoming uncertainties from the seafarers’ point of view