Energy efficiency measures in shipping from operation and maintenance perspective
Md Manjurul Kabir
(Bangladesh Marine Academy, Juldia, Chittagong-4206, Bangladesh)
Energy efficiency and environmental performance including reduction of Green House Gases (GHG) emissions are presently the main stream issues for ship operation and has been an important issue within the IMO for a considerable time. The strict legislations on GHG emissions, and fuel price being a major part of the operational costs in shipping business, have turned the focus on energy efficiency and fuel consumption reduction measures.
The above mentioned environmental and financial motives behind energy efficiency resulted in numerous investigations to find technical and operational measures including ship design, propulsion, machinery, and operation and maintenance. Considering above, through an extensive literature review this article analyses a vast range of potential measures to reduce energy consumption from operation and maintenance perspective. The ultimate objective is to achieve operational cost reduction, as well as reduction of emissions.
Further, as the crew members on board the ship have a significant role in achieving the desired energy efficiency; the role of the ship crew will also be highlighted. Finally, the energy efficiency measures in the maritime sector in Bangladesh will also be discussed.